Environmental Injustice & Health Disparities
The overall goal of my research is to use transdisciplinary approaches to better understand and address social and environmental inequality. Transdisciplinary approaches are important to my research because they provide a systematic framework for defining and analyzing multiple dimensions (e.g., social, economic, political, environmental) that influence inequalities across scales. To do this I have two major lines of inquiry: (1) studying environmental inequalities, risks and hazards, and climate change; and (2) investigating health disparities related to intimate partner violence (IPV); . Below is a brief overview with selected publications, see CV or list of publications for full list.
Environmental Justice, Risk, and Climate Change
Another major goal of my research is to use transdisciplinary approaches with mixed methodologies, including quantitative, spatial, and community based participatory action research (CBPAR) in which community members serve as research collaborators, to study the processes and effects of environmental inequality and health disparities on social inequality (e.g., exposure to toxic metals and volatile organic compounds in the air, elevated rates of asthma). As with my work on IPV, my research is significant because I use transdisciplinary, community-based approaches and feminist methods to measure and address environmental inequalities across the U.S. The impact of this research is to help develop capacity in environmentally disadvantaged communities, particularly in California, and to assist policymakers and regulators on reducing environmental harms. The field of environmental justice continues to grow in its importance due to the myriad and cascading impacts of multiple stressors including climate change, pollution, and widening social inequality and health disparities.
Cannon, Clare E. B., Kevin Gotham, Katie Lauve-Moon, & Brad Powers. 2020. “From the General to the Specific: The Influence of Confidence and Trust on Flood Risk Perception.” Journal of Risk Research, Online First, https://doi.org/10.1080/13669877.2020.1806909. [Funded by NSF Coupled Human Natural Systems, PI: Mike Blum, NSF#1313703]
Cannon, Clare E. B. 2020. "Examining rural environmental injustice: An analysis of ruralness, class, race, and gender on presence of landfills across the United States." Journal of Rural and Community Development, 15(1): 89-114. https://journals.brandonu.ca/jrcd/issue/view/47. [Funded by NSF Doctoral Dissertation Research Improvement Grant, Sociology Division, NSF#1602813]
Cannon, Clare E. B. 2020. “Towards convergence: How to do transdisciplinary environmental health disparities research.” International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 17(7), 2303. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17072303. [Funded by the NIEHS Core Center- UC Davis Environmental Health Sciences Core Center, EHS CC P30ES023513]
Cannon, Clare E. B., Kevin Gotham, Katie Lauve-Moon, and Brad Powers. 2020. “The Climate Change Double Whammy: Flood Damage and the Determinants of Flood Insurance Coverage, the Case of Post-Katrina New Orleans.” Climate Risk Management: 27: 100210. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.crm.2019.100210. [Funded by NSF Coupled Human Natural Systems, PI: Mike Blum, NSF#1313703]
Ferreira, Reggie, Clare E. B. Cannon, & Fred Buttell. 2018. “Ethical Issues in Conducting Research with Children and Families Affected by Disasters.” Current Psychiatry Reports 20:42. https://rdcu.be/OEfO.
Health Disparities in Marginalized Communities: Intimate Partner Violence by Women and LGBTQ-identified Persons
Health disparities within sex and gender minority communities is an often-understudied area of research. IPV has been thought of as a problem of patriarchy in which men abuse women for power and control. Yet, my previous research has shown such assumptions limit our ability to understand and study IPV in non-heterosexual communities. Because of this, little is known about the use of IPV by LGBTQ people and how to effectively treat such IPV abuse. IPV is a pernicious social and public health problem globally and research suggests it is equally or more prevalent in LGBTQ relationships. To address this gap in our knowledge, I use critical theories, such as feminist theory and critical race theory, to understand IPV in the LGBTQ community, conduct empirical research into motivations of abuse, assess treatment options for this community, and to provide research-supported recommendations for policy and treatment interventions.
Cannon, Clare E. B., and Fred Buttell. 2020. “Research-supported recommendations for treating LGBTQ perpetrators of IPV: Implications for policy and practice.” Partner Abuse, 11(4): 485-504. http://dx.doi.org/10.1891/PA-2020-0025.
Cannon, Clare E. B. 2020. “On the importance of feminist theories: Gender, race, sexuality and IPV.” In Intimate Partner Violence and the LGBT+ Community. Edited by Brenda Russell, Springer. https://www.springer.com/us/book/9783030447618
Cannon, Clare E. B. 2020. “Learning what you need: Modifying treatment programs for LGBTQ perpetrators of IPV.” In Intimate Partner Violence and the LGBT+ Community. Edited by Brenda Russell, Springer. https://www.springer.com/us/book/9783030447618
Cannon, Clare E. B. 2019. “What Services Exist for LGBTQ Perpetrators of IPV in Batterer Intervention Programs across North America? A Qualitative Study.” Partner Abuse, 10(2): 222-242. https://connect.springerpub.com/content/sgrpa/10/2/222.
Cannon, Clare E. B., Reggie Ferreira, & Fred Buttell. 2019. “Differences and similarities between male and female perpetration of IPV and parenting attitudes.” Journal of Evidence-Based Social Work 16: 442-459. https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/26408066.2019.1625094
Cannon, Clare E. B., Reggie Ferreira, & Fred Buttell. 2019. “Critical Race Theory, Parenting, and Intimate Partner Violence: An analysis of Race and Gender.” Research on Social Work Practice, 29: 590-602. https://doi.org/10.1177/1049731518772151
COVID-19: Resilience and Stress
With the many challenges and disruptions COVID-19 has brought, we have also sought to use this disaster to learn more about resilience and stress. To this end, we have published a series of papers using novel survey data launched in April 2020 to understand effects of COVID-19 on resilience and stress.
- Buttell, Fred, Clare E. B. Cannon, Katherine Rose, & Regardt Ferreira. In Press. “COVID-19 and intimate partner violence: Prevalence of resilience and perceived stress during a pandemic.” Traumatology.
- Ferreira, Reggie, Fred Buttell, & Clare E. B. Cannon. 2020. “COVID-19: Immediate Predictors of Individual Resilience.” Sustainability, 12(6), 6495. https://doi.org/10.3390/su12166495.
Public Scholarship: Applied Research, Outreach, and Extension
As a faculty member of a public University, I am committed to applied research to improve the lives of residents across California, the US, and globally. To this end, one dimension of my research program is to study the links and disconnections between research and practice to improve practitioner uptake of research-supported or evidence-based practice. More recently, in my applied research, I investigate barriers to evidence-based practice for batterer intervention programs, the most common treatment approach to intimate partner violence abusers.
- Cannon, Clare E. B., Ken Corvo, Fred Buttell, and John Hamel. In Press . “Barriers to advancing evidence-based practice in domestic violence perpetrator treatment: Ideology, public funding, or both?” Partner Abuse, 12(2).
Hamel, John, Clare E. B. Cannon, Fred Buttell, & Regardt Ferreira. 2020. “A survey of IPV perpetrator treatment providers: Ready for evidence-based practice?” Partner Abuse, 11(4): 387-414. https://dx.doi.org/10.1891/PA-2020-0024.
Cannon, Clare E. B., John Hamel, Fred Buttell, & Regardt Ferreira. 2020. “The pursuit of research-supported treatment in batterer intervention: The role of professional licensure and theoretical orientation for Duluth and CBT programs.” Journal of Evidence-Based Social Work, 17: 469-485. https://doi.org/10.1080/26408066.2020.1775744.
Another dimension of my applied research and outreach activities have also extended to community development work and research in Lake County as the acting and managing PI (2019-2020) for a contract with California Fish and Wildlife ($495,007), while serving as the co-PI for the Tribal Engagement portion of the project (2018-2021). One of the purposes of this contract is to work with the Blue-Ribbon Committee for the Rehabilitation of Clear Lake (AB 707) to develop a baseline socio-economic analysis and community and tribal engagement around strategies to improve community vitality of the Clear Lake region (located in Lake County). The Clear Lake area continues to be one of the most disadvantaged areas in the state with high rates of opioid use. I have co-developed presentations of this work into community economic development and tribal engagement to the Blue-Ribbon Committee and tribal partners in the Clear Lake Region and to the Lake County Economic Development Board. I have also assisted in the creation of and serve on the Socio-economic Subcommittee in order to better facilitate this work and its public outreach and community engagement. Previously, I have evaluated Kellogg Foundation-funded program to promote equity practices in city government.